记一次 .NET 某药品仓储管理系统 卡死分析

一:背景

1. 讲故事

这个月初,有位朋友wx上找到我,说他的api过一段时间后,就会出现只有请求,没有响应的情况,截图如下:

从朋友的描述中看样子程序是被什么东西卡住了,这种卡死的问题解决起来相对简单,接下来我就用 windbg 给大家分析一下。

二:Windbg 分析

1. Request 请求正在干嘛?

既然朋友说 api 有 request 无 response,那怎么去验证朋友的话对不对呢? 我们都知道 .NET 用 HttpContext 来表示一个请求,言外之意就是可以去抓 HttpContext 下的时长属性,Netext 中有一个 !whttp 命令可以帮助我们。


0:000> !whttp
HttpContext    Thread Time Out Running  Status Verb     Url
000000563bf803b0   42 00:01:50 00:01:24    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x-HN
000000563bf84660   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 GET      http://xxx.com:30003/
000000563c4a0470   51 00:01:50 00:00:12    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx2C
00000056bbf63590   30 00:01:50 00:02:41    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx-B2C
00000056bc82a038   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 GET      http://localhost:30003/
00000056bc84a3e8   44 00:01:50 00:00:51    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x
00000056bc8671c8   46 00:01:50 00:00:45    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx-B2C
000000573bf44698   35 00:01:50 00:02:39    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x
000000573bf483c0   33 00:01:50 00:02:41    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x-HN
000000573bf97e80   40 00:01:50 00:02:32    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=ZJB2C
000000573c583b08   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 GET      http://localhost:30003/
000000573c589ec8   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 GET      http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx/xxx
000000573c760e28   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx/xxx
000000573c95f990   48 00:01:50 00:00:31    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/Common/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x-HN
00000057bbf4f8e8   31 00:01:50 00:02:12    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x
00000057bc080340   50 00:01:50 00:00:19    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x
000000583c4aee80   43 00:01:50 00:01:11    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx2B
000000583c4d0c50   53 00:01:50 00:00:01    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx2B
00000058bbf8f1a0   34 00:01:50 00:02:22    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx2B
000000593bfe1758   41 00:01:50 00:01:22    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx2C
000000593c892160   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 GET      http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx/xxxJob
000000593ca813b0   45 00:01:50 00:00:30    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx-HN
000000593caa45d8   -- 00:01:50 Finished    200 GET      http://xxx.com:30003/
00000059bc1ad808   32 00:01:50 00:01:45    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=xxx-B2C
00000059bc1c3d70   36 00:01:50 00:01:29    200 POST     http://xxx.com:30003/Wms/xxx/xxx?xxx=xxx&xxx=x

25 HttpContext object(s) found matching criteria

Running 列可以看到大多请求都已经达到1分钟以上,这也验证了朋友所说的卡死问题,按照经验,可以取 Running 列中最大的 httpContext 所在的线程,也就是上面的 3033 号线程, 看看它们都在干什么?

2. 探究 Running 最长线程

接下来切到 3033 号线程,看看它们的线程栈。


0:000> ~30s
ntdll!NtWaitForSingleObject+0xa:
00007ffd`b81f024a c3              ret
0:030> !clrstack 
OS Thread Id: 0x29d0 (30)
        Child SP               IP Call Site
0000005acc3ac590 00007ffdb81f024a [PrestubMethodFrame: 0000005acc3ac590] xxx.xxx.RedisConnectionHelp.get_Instance()
0000005acc3ac850 00007ffd4dd78911 xxx.xxx.RedisCache..ctor(Int32, System.String)
0000005acc3ac8c0 00007ffd4dd78038 xxx.xxx.CacheByRedis.HashGet[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]](System.String, System.String, Int32)
0000005acc3ac968 00007ffdabef1f7c [StubHelperFrame: 0000005acc3ac968] 
0000005acc3ac9c0 00007ffd4dd77f18 xxx.xxx.Cache.xxx.GetCacheNotAreaDataEntity[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]](System.String, System.String, System.String)

...

0:030> ~33s
ntdll!NtWaitForMultipleObjects+0xa:
00007ffd`b81f07ba c3              ret
0:033> !clrstack 
OS Thread Id: 0x3ad4 (33)
        Child SP               IP Call Site
0000005accabae90 00007ffdb81f07ba [GCFrame: 0000005accabae90] 
0000005accabafb8 00007ffdb81f07ba [HelperMethodFrame_1OBJ: 0000005accabafb8] System.Threading.Monitor.ObjWait(Boolean, Int32, System.Object)
0000005accabb0d0 00007ffdaac60d64 System.Threading.ManualResetEventSlim.Wait(Int32, System.Threading.CancellationToken)
0000005accabb160 00007ffdaac5b4bb System.Threading.Tasks.Task.SpinThenBlockingWait(Int32, System.Threading.CancellationToken)
0000005accabb1d0 00007ffdab5a01d1 System.Threading.Tasks.Task.InternalWait(Int32, System.Threading.CancellationToken)
0000005accabb2a0 00007ffdab59cfa7 System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]].GetResultxxx(Boolean)
0000005accabb2e0 00007ffd4d8d338f xxx.Config.xxx.Config`1[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]].GetConfig(xxx.Config.Model.ConfigListener, System.Func`2<xxx.Config.Request.GetConfigRequest,System.Threading.Tasks.Task`1<System.String>>)
0000005accabb340 00007ffd4d8d2f40 xxx.Config.xxx.Config`1[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]].get_Item(System.String, System.String)
0000005accabb3c0 00007ffd4dd78f7f xxx.Util.BaseConfig.get_GetRedisConn()
0000005accabb440 00007ffd4dd78e9c xxx.xxx.RedisConnectionHelp.GetConnectionString()
0000005accabb4a0 00007ffd4dd789cb xxx.xxx.RedisConnectionHelp..cctor()
0000005accabb940 00007ffdabef6953 [GCFrame: 0000005accabb940] 
0000005accabc5b0 00007ffdabef6953 [PrestubMethodFrame: 0000005accabc5b0] xxx.xxx.RedisConnectionHelp.get_Instance()
0000005accabc870 00007ffd4dd78911 xxx.xxx.RedisCache..ctor(Int32, System.String)
0000005accabc8e0 00007ffd4dd78038 xxx.xxx.CacheByRedis.HashGet[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]](System.String, System.String, Int32)
0000005accabc988 00007ffdabef1f7c [StubHelperFrame: 0000005accabc988] 
0000005accabc9e0 00007ffd4dd77f18 xxx.Core.Cache.xxx.GetCacheNotAreaDataEntity[[System.__Canon, mscorlib]](System.String, System.String, System.String)
...

上面的信息不难发现 30 号线程正卡在 RedisConnectionHelp.get_Instance() 处,33 号线已经进入了 RedisConnectionHelp.get_Instance() 方法中,最后在 GetConfig() 处等待 Result 的结果,按经验来说,30 号线程看样子正在锁等待, 33 号正在等待异步结果,接下来的突破点就是探究下 RedisConnectionHelp.Instance 处代码。

3. 寻找问题代码

接下来用反编译工具 ILSpy 找到问题代码。


public static class RedisConnectionHelp
{
	public static ConnectionMultiplexer Instance
	{
		get
		{
			if (_instance == null)
			{
				lock (Locker)
				{
					if (_instance == null || !_instance.IsConnected)
					{
						_instance = GetManager();
					}
				}
			}
			return _instance;
		}
	}
}

30 号线程果然是卡在 Locker 处,接下来深挖下 33 号线程所执行的 GetManager() 方法,简化后代码如下:


public T this[string dataId, string key = ""]
{
	get
	{
		try
		{
			string config = GetConfig(configListener, new NacosConfigClient(Base.NacosConfiguration).DoGetConfigAsync);

			return JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<T>(config);
		}
		catch (Exception ex)
		{
			return default(T);
		}
	}
}

private string GetConfig(ConfigListener listener, Func<GetConfigRequest, Task<string>> action)
{
	var text2 = action(new GetConfigRequest
	{
		DataId = listener.DataId,
		Group = listener.Group,
		Tenant = text
	}).Result;

	return text2;
}

internal async Task<string> DoGetConfigAsync(GetConfigRequest request)
{
	IRestResponse restResponse = await HttpUtil.Request(currentServerAddr, Method.GET, request.ParamValues(), xxx);

	return restResponse.Content;
}

可以看到代码卡在了 Result 上无限期等待,到这里我就想到了 同步上下文 ,我看他这个程序是 .NET 4.8 下的 ASP.NET MVC,记得不错上下文应该是 AspNetSynchronizationContext,具体死锁原因可参见我的这篇文章:一句 Task.Result 就死锁, 这代码还怎么写?,解决办法大概有四种。

  1. 使用 .ConfigureAwait(false)
  2. 改成全异步
  3. 用 Task 再包一层。
  4. 改成全同步

三:总结

其实本次事故主要还是因为在 同步代码 中做了 异步代码.Result 导致的死锁问题,有非常多的文章都在抨击这种现象,在 asp.net core 中已经移除了这种同步上下文的大坑,给到朋友的建议是改成全同步,死锁问题也随之消失。

哈哈,真替朋友开心!

图片名称
posted @ 2022-01-17 10:05  一线码农  阅读(1777)  评论(6编辑  收藏  举报